No complaints of constipation or diarrhea, frequency normal. Knowledge becomes powerful when it prepares you to improve action toward a desired goal. You can ask them how they prefer to learn new information: by reading, watching a video, seeing a demonstration, or learning by a hands-on approach. If she understood that starting small and increasing her activity as her tolerance increased, she may be more likely to be physically active. Asking them to state back what you said, or requiring them to do a repeat demonstration after your instruction, will give you a better assessment of their learning. What are the risk factors of hypertension? The burden is no longer on the diabetes educator but on the patient to explore their own readiness to change and improve health behaviors. She states she has lost some weight over the past week but does not know how much.
Educational needs were then determined, and Mr. This is a sample teaching plan that you can use and customize to your needs. Interpret his 24-hour food recall and explain your suggestions for improvement. You may see holes in their understanding, which you can then fill. The baby, who had been so used to hyperglycemia in utero, does run the risk of dropping into hypoglycemia after birth and must be monitored until stable. Traditional approaches to patient education have been disease-oriented and based on compliance. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Patient Education Plan Patient Description: Richard Land is a 69-year-old home economics teacher who has two adult children.
Urinary stasis can result in urinary tract infections and bladder calculi or stones Ludwig, 2007. Being diabetic makes the chances of that system having issues worse. Carbohydrates that break down slowly are known as complex carbohydrates because they slowly release glucose into the blood stream. Assuming everyone eats cereal for breakfast, or that breakfast is even in the morning when some people work night shift, can impact medications taken with food. Ass ess men t for sig ns of dia bet ic neuropathy should also be included in the teaching plan.
Outline the related content to identify the topics you will need to cover, including the realistic time it will take to cover the material. People with type 1 diabetes have to take insulin injections or they will die, as their brain and body cells starve without the needed glucose. The top number is called the systolic blood pressure, and the bottom number is called the diastolic blood pressure. Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov demonstrated that behavior may be based on a conditioned response of reward or punishment. These five easy methods will help refine your teaching and make every minute count. Student Knowledge and Learning Needs Next, I needed to make sure I had the correct knowledge base on topics related to depression. Q: What questions should you ask yourself about using this instructional material? Oral Anti -Diabetic Medications 3.
Primary Health Care, 20 5 , 33-39. Hypertension is high blood pressure. Patients with diabetes need to understand what diabetes is. Abraham Maslow who developed humanistic learning theory, believes that what drives people to action, including learning and behavior change, is based on trying to fill the most urgent need at the time. Diabetes was recognized as a medical problem over 2000 years ago in Greek writings, so it is not a new disease. Research states that it takes on average ten times for a healthcare professional to discuss a new behavior, such as smoking cessation, before the person begins to truly think about it.
The main goal of the teaching plan is to provide the patient with the knowledge to be able to make self-directed behavioral changes to improve their overall health and manage their diabetes Franz, 2001. Think back to the time before you learned all of that medical jargon in nursing school. Tea ch the pat ien t abo ut sel f-a dmi nis tra tio n of ins uli n or ora l age nts as prescribed, and the importance of taking medications exactly as prescribed, in the appropriate dose. Capillary refill less than 3 seconds. The Behavioral Objectives for the Teaching Plan 1. Using common analogies to explain the pathophysiology also can be helpful.
Please help and tell me If I am doing this correctly. Many of these patients are unaware that diabete mellitus requires lifestyle changes, especially in the areas of nutrition and physical activity. Going through the different types of diabetes and what altered signs a symptoms might occur. Past Surgical history: No past surgeries. He was referred to an Urologist for an appointment for additional information and treatment after his education plan was implemented at the hospital, and will be taken over by his referred doctor.
She revealed that she dealt with depression years ago, but this recent bout with it was exacerbated by the loss of her husband. After teaching a concept, allow patients to rephrase it in their own words to evaluate understanding. She is divorced from her husband, but her boyfriend helps her to take care of her 11 year old son who also suffers from myotonic dystrophy. It is a vital tool used to achieve the best quality of patient care. Increased residual urine causes overflow urinary incontinence, in which the urine leaks around the enlarged prostate causing dribbling.
The use of mnemonics and acrostics help some people remember action items. So do you think you will try any of the therapies we talked about? Most people with diabetes hear about the disease initially from a healthcare professional, and yet many people with diabetes leave more confused after being given the startling diagnosis because of the heavy use of medical jargon and the complicated information. Creating a partnership with the patient improves health outcomes. When determining how to share the content of the lesson, think about how to address varied learning styles, including auditory, visual and hands-on learners. Does she see a benefit to taking insulin? Diabetes Mellitus is a serious health problem throughout the world. Although type 2 diabetes mellitus typically affects obese individuals older than 40, due to the epidemic of obesity and inactivity in children, it is occurring at younger and younger ages Khardori 2011.