However, casting the net beyond economic measures there are aspects of the relationship that remain sensitive to the New Zealand public. Powles for example believes that to truly capitalize on the economic relationship a greater depth of understanding of Chinese culture will be required in order to progress. New Zealand has been firmly committed to the concept of collective security, advocating and enthusiastically supporting efforts to institute through the United Nations workable and effective mechanisms for collective security on a global scale. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. As those initial hopes and expectations for effective collective security proved illusory, New Zealand also sought to protect its security by engaging the interest of powerful allies.
In pursuing more specialisation and replication, we will continue to tailor our aid to the priorities and contexts of partner countries. The new factor in that relationship is the view of the New Zealand government that the security of New Zealand requires the exclusion from its territory of all nuclear weapons. We also have a set of policy priorities that complement our aid investments. New Zealand enjoys a wide range of international relations as a result of its independent foreign policy. In any case, as befits its trade-dependent status, New Zealand will continue to champion open commerce and exchange as the guiding principle of international economics well into the next decade regardless of who is in government, perhaps mitigated by non-trade concerns in the event that Labour returns to power. The Labour government which came to power last July was in tune with its predecessors in wishing.
But it continues to value the reassurance that a strong United States can bring to Asia. United States of America, New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, accessed: 10 February 2015. Lanteigne, Chinese Foreign Policy: An Introduction, 160. These improvements, whilst significant in terms regional security and co-operation have not translated into broader economic advancement for New Zealand. These are our investment priorities. Top hats are not being taken.
In the future these and other relationships will remain necessary in order to improve trade and maintain strategic balance. Chinese Foreign Policy: An Introduction. In 2012 Shanghai Pengxin — a Chinese firm — attempted to purchase dairy farms previously owned by New Zealand firm Crafar Farms. On the one hand a strong economic relationship, yet on the other a cultural and security relationship that is still in its infancy. In the following twelve years military involvement was minimal with only limited intelligence sharing. It has made up for this with a foreign policy platform rooted in comparative and more recently competitive advantages in trade and an independent approach to global diplomatic and security issues.
The deterioration of Russia's relations with the West over the Crimea in 2014, and the ongoing crisis in the Ukraine, has led to a new emphasis on the Asia Pacific in the country's foreign policy. Whilst New Zealand has enjoyed an economically successful relationship with China, that success has not been as widely reciprocated in other areas of society. A historical analysis of their different yet complementary security perceptions and policies suggests diminishing relevance of traditional security structures in the post-Cold War international environment. Indeed as they each look towards their own relationships with the major powers, Australia and New Zealand may need to work even harder to sustain their own bilateral alliance relationship. Risk diversification has therefore been highlighted as a key theme for contemporary trade policies.
A lack of cultural and historical understanding of China — compared to that of traditional Anglosphere partners — hampers contemporary involvement. In the current context, the New Zealand argument on trade is only about a rising tide floating all boats. We will draw on development approaches that work well in one country when dealing with similar issues in others, and develop approaches that can be more quickly deployed. This has been seen not only in the re-orientation of New Zealand foreign aid from humanitarian assistance to business promotion, but also in the subordination of traditional diplomatic areas of strength such as nuclear non-proliferation to trade interests. But as this comfortable status quo is strained, Australia may need to consider geopolitical options which until now have appeared fanciful and risky.
The combination came to be known as an independent and autonomous, principled but pragmatic foreign policy. However, coupled with a reduction in its diplomatic presence abroad and decreased funding for foreign affairs and defense, the combination outlined above has left New Zealand foreign policy seemingly adrift and has raised questions amongst some of its diplomatic interlocutors as to the sustainability of its international position over the long run. London and New York: Routledge, 2013. Our development efforts focus on areas where there's a match between opportunities for development in our partner countries and New Zealand's strengths. The main value of Southeast Asia for Moscow lies in its image-building strategy, with the West as the primary audience.
Australia has benefited from the prosperity which is the foundation of China's rise. Circumstances obviously have altered since then. This favourable status quo seems superior to the alternatives: a cooperative Asian community which may be more aspirational than practicable; an Asian concert which requires an unlikely sharing of leadership between the great powers; or a coalition of Asian democracies which could be especially divisive. The risks may be higher for Australia because the same strategic geography that gives it renewed prominence may also increase its exposure to competition and conflict in Asia, and because its own military rebalancing towards the north and west of the continent is occurring just as its defence budget has been significantly cut. Dressing down New Zealand diplomats taking up a post overseas are given detailed guidance on appropriate clothing and other matters to consider in their new country. New Zealand has also succeeded in implementing free trade agreements with Hong Kong and Malaysia. Added to the mix are the cost-cutting priorities of the National government, which has seen public airing of discontent on the part of the New Zealand diplomatic corps about the proposals aired by their Minister and the Ministry Chief Executive with regard to the economic management of the foreign affairs bureaucracy.
The vast distances separating countries in the region have in the past inhibited closer regional cooperation. With Australia for example, New Zealand has spent considerable effort enhancing diplomatic relations. As a small, predominantly agricultural economy, vitally dependent upon foreign trade and susceptible to the ebb and flow in the economic fortunes of our trading partners, New Zealand has a major interest in ensuring a stable and prosperous trading environment worldwide. In achieving a deeper relationship with China, New Zealand must not jeopardise wider relationships with traditional or emerging partnerships. Based on the current relationship trends future policy directions can be surmised. Our priorities also support resilience to climate change, natural disasters and external economic events. As a geographically isolated, trade dependent maritime state with a small population, it has few geopolitical sources of leverage in the international arena.