They want their support, their forgiveness, their courage, their loyalty. Browning delves into the minds of characters to show their conceptions of women and ideas of power. The rhyming scheme consists of rhyming couplets, which give the poem a sense of order, and make the speaker, the Duke in this case, seem well educated and in intro of his emotions and actions. At it can be seen from the previous paragraph the characters of the duke and Ulysses are very different. He has his 900 year old family name, but the Duchess has only her beauty. This format suits this poem particularly well because the speaker, taken to be the Duke of Ferrara, comes across as being very controlling, especially in conversation. He tells us that he does not speak to her.
Setting Browning selects a private art gallery that belongs to the Duke in Renaissance Italy as the setting of his poem. Jealousy The Duke demands undivided attention from his duchess and her failure to do so turn him green with absurd jealousy. In this poem, the speaker narrates an account of his former wife, the titular Duchess of the poem, who the speaker has murdered. His lover, a blooming young woman named Porphyria, comes in out of a storm and proceeds to make a fire and bring cheer to the cottage. It seems that the Duke commanded her in such a way as to make her stop smiling altogether.
Browning reveals that this mentality was widespread during this time. It would seem that she was too easily pleased by everyone around her. He emphasizes the fact that it was painted by Far Pandora, a revered and talented artist, based on the speakers eagerness to drop his name. Yet, he seems quite comfortable discussing it with this listener. It allows you to explore other characters. For example, he seems jealous that he was not able to monopolize his former duchess' smiles for himself. This structural device is part of the meaning of the poem.
It may also allow you to explore characters that you have an affinity with, or you find intriguing. As it was already mentioned above they both exclusively consist of the monologs of the protagonists. It begins with that and ends as they leave the room. For the Victorians, modernity meant numbness: urban life, with its constant over-stimulation and newspapers full of scandalous and horrifying stories, immunized people to shock. He robbed her of her joy with his controlling attitude toward her. The clever language Browning chose suggested that something was wrong, but left enough ambiguity to quickly capture our attention as readers.
Like Ozymandias, your power and tyranny is useless beyond the grave. Neptune, of course, is the god of the sea. This symbolizes the Duke, and the sea-horse symbolizes any Duchess he would acquire. This tool makes the poem very easy and enjoyable to read, and creates easy conversational flow. Or, perhaps a puppet master pulling the strings. She had A heart—how shall I say? The Duke was not happy with this. Although the duke's monologue appears on the surface to be about his late wife, a close reading will show that the mention of his last duchess is merely a side note in his self-important speech.
Fanthorpe's poem is themed around the painting St George and the Dragon by the artist Uccello. There she stands As if alive. It gives it a regularity and a control, which is particularly interesting from a character that is quite controlled in his threat, what he reveals and how he reveals it. He mostly remains silent throughout the poem. Browning, a very highly educated writer, knew this, and his decision to use this meter in a poem that already feels sort of like a play is a direct allusion to the patterns of monologues speeches made to others and soliloquies speeches made while alone in drama.
The Duke begins reminiscing about the portrait sessions, then about the Duchess herself. Enjambment is when a line of poetry ends in the middle of a thought without any punctuation. On the other hand in the poem The Laboratory is spoken by a woman who is directing her eyes to an apothecary who is a chemist helping her make her poison. Dramatic monologue although originated well before the 19th century, it was popularized by Victorian poets like Browning, Tennyson and Dante Rossetti. He wants his wife to smile for him only. The poem takes place in media res of the Duke consulting and arranging his second marriage.
Art was perceived as having no moral purpose. Thus the temporal setting allows Browning to again explore sex, violence, and aesthetics as all entangled, complicating and confusing each other: the lushness of the language belies the fact that the Duchess was punished for her natural sexuality. We think you can probably guess why it might be more appropriate for the control-freak Duke of Ferrara to speak in harsh, structured, rhymed lines than in unrhymed ones. The first object he shows the servant is the portrait of his former wife, the duchess, painted by Fra Pandolf. We then learn that Porphyria is defying her family and friends to be with the speaker; the scene is now not just sexual, but transgressively so. The Duke views himself as a god, and he wishes to tame his wife to do whatever he wishes her to do, and even to feel whatever he wishes her to feel. He admitted that she smiled at him pleasantly when he passed by, but it bothered him that everyone received that same smile from her.