Lingering injuries continue to plague some injured species while others are fully recovered. More importantly, the Coast Guard overlooked the amount of work that was done by crew members at the port, which was significantly more than that which was done at sea. Some similarities between the oil and nuclear power industry include: dependence on highly sophisticated and complex systems, culture of complacency in the absence of major accidents, and the government not being able to afford high salaried private sector experts. When this fur surface gets dirty, they die. Exxon Valdez, then owned by Exxon Shipping Company, was en route t0 Long Beach, California from the Valdez Marine Terminal when it slammed into the reef at around 12 am local time.
When asked how they felt about the situation, a village councillor noted that they were too shocked and busy to be depressed; others emphasized the human costs of leaving children unattended while their parents worked to clean up. He assumed that the radar was not working properly, but only informed the relieving watchstander that the vessel was no longer available on the radar. Exxon was not prepared for a spill of this magnitude--nor were Alyeska, the State of Alaska, or the federal government. It is considered one of the most devastating human-caused environmental disasters ever to occur at sea. It is important to note that salmon populations were not seriously affected by the oil because local fishermen banded together to surround key inlets with containment booms to prevent three major hatcheries from being damaged.
Industry's insistence on regulating the Valdez tanker trade its own way, and government's incremental accession to industry pressure, had produced a disastrous failure of the system. Prior to leaving the bridge, the captain had the helmsman put the ship in autopilot, which was a violation of Exxon policy because autopilot was only supposed to be used in open waters usually greater than 5 nautical miles from shore. Identify the Causes The Analysis — —. Archived from on March 4, 2008. The Exxon Valdez departed from the Trans Alaska Pipeline terminal at 9:12 pm March 23, 1989. Throughout the months to follow, the 11.
If the third mate had reacted with the appropriate actions on hearing that the light was on the wrong side of the ship and put the rudder over, the ship would have missed the reef. Archived from on 24 June 2010. Within six hours of the grounding, the Exxon Valdez spilled approximately 10. However, Prince William Sound's remote location accessible only by helicopter and boat made government and industry response efforts difficult and severely taxed existing plans for response. In 1999 and 2000, two experiments were launched in Kasitsna Bay Cook Inlet and Lower Herring Bay Prince William Sound to specifically address these questions.
As shown in Appendix 04, a graph of diminishing culpability, using an unauthorized substance is the second highest only behind intended sabotage. Coast Guard, but without any agencywide standard for policy. Failure to report intoxication is a violation of federal law. The only way to tell if the command was carried out is to verify on the top gauge. He informed Hazelwood of his initial damage assessment and was instructed to perform stability and stress analysis. The answers would both match anticipated outcomes—and surprise us. We therefore must balance environmental risks with the nation's energy requirements.
The amount of spilled oil is roughly equivalent to 125 olympic-sized swimming pools. The sub-surface oil appears to be inactive in terms of negative impact but in reality, contains far more poisonous content that could harm not just the marine creatures but also the flora and fauna. Birds in the number of thousands and otters in hundreds died in the weeks following the oil spill. However, the course of 180 degrees true brought the ship out of the shipping lanes and directly toward Bligh Reef. Almost 2000 sea otters, 302 harbor seals, and 250,000 birds died in the days that followed the incident. At his side was the captain of the vessel, Joe Hazelwood. Monitoring the Shoreline During the first year of the response, aggressive shoreline cleanup included the widespread use of high-pressure hot water to remove persistent oil from the beaches.
It consists of inbound and outbound lanes, with a half-mile-wide separation zone between them. Additionally, the Coast Guard and Federal government must compel the oil companies and Aleyska to expand operations, so their response capacity may exceed the magnitude of future disasters. This was a breakdown in communication that lead to a decision being made at the wrong level. The weather conditions were ideal; the sea was very calm. A series of mishaps that night would.
Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council. Owing to this positivity of the situation, one can rest assured that in spite of an accident happening, one managed to avert the worst and ended up doing a marine salvage in the best possible manner. However, the Coast Guard stopped monitoring the location of the ship. Known as bioremediation, this method was successful on several beaches where the oil was not too thick A few solvents and chemical agents were used, although none extensively. Hazelwood ordered that the vessel's engine be reduced to idle speed. After the pilot left the ship, the captain and third mate remained on the bridge to drive and navigate the ship.