The countries in which English is spoken can be grouped into different categories by how English is used in each country. I did, however, time and again come across unfamiliar words borrowed from Hindi or another indigenous Indian language. A language does not become a global language because of its intrinsic structural properties, or because of the size of its vocabulary, or because it has been a vehicle of a great literature in the past, or because it was once associated with a great culture or religion. Although, from the beginning, Englishmen had three manners of speaking, southern, northern and midlands speech in the middle of the country,. To make a long story short, we could point out the fact that Great Britain is an island.
Sheidlower, Jesse 10 April 2006. These situations have prompted proposals for spelling reform in English. American listeners generally readily understand most British broadcasting, and British listeners readily understand most American broadcasting. Many statements published before the end of the 20th century about the growth of English vocabulary over time, the dates of first use of various words in English, and the sources of English vocabulary will have to be corrected as new computerised analysis of linguistic corpus data becomes available. Speech-to-text systems are now available for a variety of languages.
We want to hear what you think about this article. Many of these universal languages including Esperanto were specifically developed with the view in mind that a single world language would automatically lead to world peace and unity. In any case, the numerical gap is impressive: about 1,113 million people speak Chinese as their mother tongue, whereas about 372 million speak English. You can interview foreign businessmen, diplomats and maybe even get sent to cover overseas stories. Named after the , one of the that migrated to the area of that would later take their name, , both names ultimately deriving from the peninsula in the. Early studies of English vocabulary by , the scholars who formally study vocabulary, compile dictionaries, or both, were impeded by a lack of comprehensive data on actual vocabulary in use from good-quality , collections of actual written texts and spoken passages.
Kachru bases his model on the history of how English spread in different countries, how users acquire English, and the range of uses English has in each country. As it happens, I am the proud owner of a program. English as a global language People often talk about English as a global language or lingua franca. Denison, David; Hogg, Richard M. However the increase in international languages, in particular English isolate smaller languages even within their own homelands.
The more we need to use English to communicate with machines -- or with people whose fluency is limited or whose understanding of English does not coincide with ours -- the more simplified the language will need to be. In many parts of the world that language has been established, English. Very often today a conversation in English anywhere in the world may include no native speakers of English at all, even while including speakers from several different countries. As just one example of why a lingua franca is useful, consider that up to one-third of the administration costs of the European Community is taken up by translations into the various member languages. If learning a second language were so simple, no doubt many more of us would have picked up Spanish or Chinese by now. Growth and development are not tolerant of differences and English becomes a means for international expansion.
We sometimes hear them when we call 411 and ask for a phone number; we hear them when we're refilling a prescription over the phone and a synthesized voice confirms our prescription number and name; we hear them on airlines' flight-information phone lines. They have many more speakers of English who acquire English in the process of growing up through day by day use and listening to broadcasting, especially if they attend schools where English is the medium of instruction. In the United States, discounting the claims that antagonists make about the other side's position, it's hard to find anyone who doesn't think it would be nice if everyone in the United States spoke English. English is, by international treaty, the basis for the required and Airspeak, used as of seafaring and aviation. It is commonly said that a language of a country equals its identity. Compared to European languages for which official organisations have promoted spelling reforms, English has spelling that is a less consistent indicator of pronunciation, and standard spellings of words that are more difficult to guess from knowing how a word is pronounced.
This is bound to affect the way the language is used locally. But the idea of English as a global language doesn't mean what they think it does -- at least, not according to people I've interviewed whose professions are bound up especially closely in what happens to the English language. Countries are more interdependent than ever and with the advances that we have seen in technology in the last few decades, communication is immediate. Even as software developers continue to adapt computers to our linguistic needs and wants, we are -- God help us -- adapting our own language to computers. In Huddleston, Rodney; Pullum, Geoffrey K.
A few short inscriptions from the early period of Old English were written using a. Emergence of English as a world language The need for a global link language Prof. Statistics New Zealand April 2014. Writing system See also: , , and Since the ninth century, English has been written in a also called Roman alphabet. Some have seen a planned or constructed language as a solution to this need. In Central America, English based creoles are spoken in on the Caribbean coasts of Nicaragua and Panama. Introducción a la teoría y práctica de la sociolingüística.
Where else is English… English has been the dominant global language since the nineteenth century. Stressed syllables are pronounced longer, but unstressed syllables syllables between stresses are shortened. Airplane pilots and air-traffic controllers use a restricted form of English called Airspeak. Is it the list of words and their meanings that a dictionary provides, together with all the rules about how to combine the words into sentences and paragraphs? But each of these steps is already being accomplished approximately, and implemented not just in experimental settings but in real life. English is probably the third largest language by number of native speakers, after and. Syllable onset and coda start and end are optional. In that case I will simply talk into the microphone, miraculous high-tech things will happen somewhere in the ether, and voilà! Does this serve their objectives for learning English? Even if the vanguards in all scientific and technological fields, everywhere in the world, used English in their work, once the fruits of their labor became known to ordinary people and began to matter to them, people would coin words in their local languages to describe these things.