Hybridity can be social, political, linguistic, religious, etc. For example, many critics concur that the Western canon—the central literary works of Western civilization—includes the writings of Homer, Shakespeare, Tolstoy, and the like. In other words, what is the effect of a character's economic class? You will be asked to explore why you like or dislike the reading, explain whether you agree or disagree with the author, identify the reading's purpose, and critique the text. The name comes from Sophocles' play Oedipus Rex, in which the main character unknowingly kills his father and marries his mother. A Derrida Reader: Between the Blinds.
The Tell-Tale Sign: A Survey of Semiotics. Newark: U of Delaware P, 2001. Myth, Literature, and the African World. Toward an Aesthetic of Reception. Throw light upon the relation of art to life, science, economics, ethics, religion, etc.
English Drama: A Critical Introduction. Types of Literary Criticism Since ancient times, readers have debated and critiqued literature from a variety of perspectives. But depending upon what work you are reading, and what your own ideas about what good literature should do, or your own ideas about life and the world, some critical methods will work better than others or be more helpful for your understanding of a work. Athens: U of Georgia P, 1989. Feminist literary criticism is the critical analysis of literary works based on the feminist perspective. The Autobiographical Subject: Gender and Ideology in Eighteenth-Century England. In some ways, this approach to literary criticism assumes that there is an unconscious transference of previously held assumptions to the text through the act of writing.
This type of critic considers the historical events or conditions during which the work was written. This is not reduced to any type of psychological attribute like being approved or desired. Certain themes of human life e. In Hassan's formulation postmodernism differs from modernism in several ways: Anti-authoritarianism In its simplest terms, postmodernism consists of the period following high modernism and includes the many theories that date from that time, e. Bloom uses Freud's idea of the Oedipus complex see below to suggest that poets, plagued by anxiety that they have nothing new to say, struggle against the influence of earlier generations of poets. Origin of feminine criticism is originally derived from the classic works of 19th Century women authors like George Eliot and Margaret Fuller. On Deconstruction: Theory and Criticism after Structuralism.
Wider issues always obtrude, and we have either an ethos to defend, or to find a theory independent of time and context. Second theory now rejected by most psychologists including Carl Jung, his disciple. Écriture féminine - Écriture féminine, literally women's writing, is a philosophy that promotes women's experiences and feelings to the point that it strengthens the work. Feminist critics draw attention to the ways in which patriarchal social structures have marginalized women and male authors have exploited women in their portrayal of them. Dislocating the End: Climax, Closure, and the Invention of Genre.
Sexual Subversions: Three French Feminists. If there is a need of some extra moral of ethical ideas which are not of psychological nature required here or not. Instead, meaning--the interpretation of a sign--can exist only in relationship with other signs. The Frankfurt School is also associated with Marxism Abrams, p. Russian Formalist Criticism: Four Essays. There are many different ways to evaluate literature. Lexington: U of Kentucky P, 1993.
By focusing on these details, one can then reveal the inherent contradictory forces at work within culture. Structuralist Criticism The structural critical analysis studies symmetry, trends and patterns for a particular society or for a societal comparative analysis. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1989. The next logical approach is to look at the language devices and patterns and form of the text structure. Some people can introduce, and some people can noodle. The various relationships a text may have with other texts, through allusions, borrowing of formal or thematic elements, or simply by reference to traditional literary forms.
Of course it is possible to argue for a liberal, pluralist, democratic approach, but the argument leads through to philosophical, political and sociological matters, and here the radical critics seized the armoury. Authority and Estrangement: An Essay on Self Knowledge, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001. Semiology Semiotics, simply put, is the science of signs. Similarly, literary criticism as a field of study and its approach as practiced today in academic circles has only existed since the early twentieth century. This is a course about literary criticism, and we will try to figure out what it is and why it is, or ought to be, so much fun.