Thanks for all the help. If you are still having problems, stop by the library and we'd be happy to work with you in person! Remember to change the font size and style of headers to 12pt. Some use title case, some use sentence case. Similarly, if you have a paper with five levels of headings, you would use Level 1 formatting for the highest level and Level 5 formatting for the lowest level. Also include a running header a short title of your paper on the title page. To better visually distinguish a list from the surrounding text, be sure to leave an extra blank line between the last line of the list and the first line of the following paragraph. Proceed through the levels numerically, starting with Level 1, without skipping levels.
The 6th edition of the American Psychological Association's publication manual requires the use of a running head -- the title of your paper, or a shortened version of it -- on each page of a manuscript to help clarify which pages belong to the paper if they get separated and to maintain the writer's anonymity, avoiding potential bias, during the review process. This means that the first heading you use in your introduction will follow Level 1 formatting, because it is the first and so at the highest level. You should use a clear font that is highly readable. Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions. . Remember that: it needs to be a phrase that makes sense on its own.
Most of the standard rules for quotations still apply, with the following exceptions: a block quotation will begin on its own line, it will not be enclosed in quotation marks, and its in-text citation will come after the ending punctuation, not before it. Major Paper Sections Your essay should include four major sections: the Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References. And the short title itself, which is to the right of the colon, is all capitalized and it must make sense on its own. Title The primary goal of a title should be to summarize the main idea s of your paper simply and clearly. Double click in the header area at the top of the document. But the particulars on the title page differ from all other pages, which maintain consistency throughout.
If this is the case, each element should end with a period, rather than a comma or semicolon, and should begin with a capital letter. It's easier to set up the pages before you start writing the paper. Julie - If you are using Office 2010 or newer, I would just double check to make sure that the box for different first page is clicked. Beneath the title, type the author's name: first name, middle initial s , and last name. The title should be positioned in the upper half of the page and centered. The running head is a shortened version of your paper's title and cannot exceed 50 characters including spacing and punctuation. The institutional affiliation should be the location where the research was conducted, most often a college or university.
Because the Publication Manual provides guidelines for writers submitting manuscripts to scholarly journals, it is silent on the topic of tables of contents. Instructors who require other information on the title page should supply students with examples of their preferred format. In this example you can see the basic layout of a title page. This is especially important in papers that present experimental research because they follow the particularly rigid structure of the scientific method. First and foremost you will have one-inch margins on all sides and your running head will be set. Take up no more than two lines of space with your paper's title.
Count the number of letters, spaces and punctuation. Do not bold, underline, or italicize the title. You can use this as a sample title page for your next paper. Formatting the Running Head Open the header for your paper and type your title in all capital letters. In almost all cases, you will use a reference list at the end of your essay. Technically speaking, this is termed as byline. Each item on the list is punctuated at the end by a comma, semicolon, or period, depending on the grammatical structure of the list.
Your abstract should be between 150 and 250 words. We made a checklist so you can easily meet the criteria. Center the information on the title page horizontally and vertically. As with a bulleted list, each element should start on a new line. You can now close the header area. Table layout needs to be logical and easy for readers to understand. Avoid pointless words and abbreviations.
Title Page The title page should contain the title of the paper, the author's name, and the institutional affiliation. This may include the college or university that you attend. I couldn't seem to get the page numbers in the corner and the running head on the line at the same time. Title case is when you capitalize all important words. Instructors should provide their preferred formatting guidelines if they require tables of contents; if guidelines are not included with the assignment or syllabus, students can request them. Any number that appears in the abstract should be written as a numeral e. It seemed like it was so difficult, yet so easy.
Include the page header described above flush left with the page number flush right at the top of the page. Include the title of your paper in all capital letters flush left, along with the page number flush right. Please note, steps may vary depending on the word processor you are using. In , you do not need to add the titles of the author like Dr. Also you should avoid using words that serve no purpose; therefore, the title should be very concise and should clearly describe what the paper is about. To do this, indent as you would if you were starting a new paragraph, type Keywords: italicized , and then list your keywords.